Tag Archives: weed

A Family That Grows Together

With her son’s hand on her arm, Leah, owner of a Trinity County farm, presents her family’s crop.

A Rockwellian portrait of the new American farm.

Photography and story by David Henry

Editor’s Note: To protect the identities of the sources interviewed for this story, last names have been omitted and pseudonyms have been used.

Before sunrise, the house stirred. Two young boys sat at the dining room table as farm fresh eggs and sausage patties cooked on a cast iron skillet. Mason-jarred, raw milk from a neighboring farm was poured into glasses for the boys and coffee for the parents. By the time a rooster called out in the distance, the five-year-old and Jerry, his father, were off on their daily school and work-week commute down the mountain.

Leah, the mother, made her morning rounds, feeding the pigs, dogs, kittens, turkeys and chickens. As Leah headed back inside, she stopped to greet the international crew of trimmers as they rounded the orchard toward the driveway.

Onboard the trucks were two Australians, three Brazilians, one Spaniard and a Parisian. It was early autumn, harvest time was just a few weeks away and the crew of young men and women was set to spend the daylight hours pruning the story-high, story-wide marijuana plants rooted in the garden just up the road.

In the emerald triangle, which consists of Mendocino, Humboldt and Trinity counties, family-style marijuana farms are not uncommon. This is a contradiction to what most may envision, vagabond-hippie-based operations, for example. However, life on these family farms mirrors that of small, traditional farms in the U.S. The cash crop is unorthodox. But factor out the crop and the lifestyles adequately resemble one another.

  • Jerry crouches in his medical marijuana garden in Trinity County, California.
    Jerry crouches in his medical marijuana garden in Trinity County, California.
  • Jerry walks with Leah's dog through his medical marijuana garden in Trinity County, California.
    Jerry walks with Leah's dog through his medical marijuana garden in Trinity County, California.
  • Young marijuana plants fill a room at Emerald Family Farms in Humboldt County, California.
    Young marijuana plants fill a room at Emerald Family Farms in Humboldt County.
  • Bryan, a grower with Emerald Family Farms, checks his indoor garden with a green LED headlamp as the plants "sleep" in Humboldt County.
    Bryan, a grower with Emerald Family Farms, checks his indoor garden with a green LED headlamp as the plants "sleep" in Humboldt County.
  • Elliot assembles a machine used to extract Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in Humboldt County, California. Elliot: “I am motivated by the healing potential of the plant. Personally, I am following through on a passion that was sparked by my mothers battle with cancer and my desire to find a way to heal oneself outside of western medicine.”
    Elliot assembles a machine used to extract Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in Humboldt County, California. Elliot: “I am motivated by the healing potential of the plant. Personally, I am following through on a passion that was sparked by my mothers battle with cancer and my desire to find a way to heal oneself outside of western medicine.”
  • Leah smokes a joint in her dining room in Trinity County, California. Leah is a medical marijuana patient. She has rods in her back and suffers chronic pain, the result of a life-changing injury.  She uses marijuana to alleviate her discomfort and finds that there are less side effects than prescription drugs.
    Leah smokes a joint in her dining room in Trinity County, California. Leah is a medical marijuana patient. She has rods in her back and suffers chronic pain, the result of a life-changing injury. She uses marijuana to alleviate her discomfort and finds that there are less side effects than prescription drugs.
  • Bryan and Jerry talk inside of an Emerald Family Farms greenhouse in Humboldt County, California.
    Bryan and Jerry talk inside of an Emerald Family Farms greenhouse in Humboldt County, California.
  • Bryan shows Jerry one of his signature strains in his greenhouse at Emerald Family Farms in Humboldt County, California.
    Bryan shows Jerry one of his signature strains in his greenhouse at Emerald Family Farms in Humboldt County, California.
  • Mike plucks leaves from a mature medical marijuana plant in Trinity County, California.
    Mike plucks leaves from a mature medical marijuana plant in Trinity County, California.
  • A beer and an American flag rest on a stool in the middle of a medical marijuana garden in Trinity County, California.
    A beer and an American flag rest on a stool in the middle of a medical marijuana garden in Trinity County, California.
  • The top colas of a large marijuana plant soak in the late afternoon sun in Trinity County, California.
    The top colas of a large marijuana plant soak in the late afternoon sun in Trinity County, California.

Many newcomers in the trade start as trimmers. During harvest season, trimmers looking for work line many of the public squares and main streets in the emerald triangle. According to Leah, they come from all over. The Midwest, the South, Europe, Australia and Vietnam are common locations of origin.

“We call them trimmigrants,” Leah said. “Many come here to work, fall in love and never leave.”

Other trimmers, like Mike, a Bay Area-based musician, traveled north for the harvest in order to make extra money and catch up with old friends. During Mike’s visit, he, Jerry and Leah spent evenings socializing, smoking, drinking local rum and eating meals comprised of fresh-picked ingredients from the garden.

One evening, Mike took it upon himself to subject Leah to the popular tastes of the outside world. He screened a number of popular music videos for her. Trap music, such as Nicki Minaj’s “Anaconda” and Sophia Grace’s “Best Friends” blared out of Mike’s smart phone. At the conclusion of Mike’s presentation, all Leah had to say was, “I am so happy I’m not raising a daughter.”

Will, a native of Australia, heads operations in Leah and Jerry’s medical marijuana garden. After starting out as a trimmer, he worked his way up through the ranks. He now handpicks the strains, fertilizers and workers for the farm.

Two of the trimmers working under Will, an Australian man and a Parisian woman, spoke of their dream of starting a farm in the south of France. The couple met in Barcelona and immigrated to Humboldt in search of work. While working, the trimmers occasionally passed the time by poking fun at their host country and imitating American accents.

“Why Bessie, it’s as American as apple pie,” the Parisian women drawled in a Southern-belle accent, while the men held up their Pabst Blue Ribbon beer and called out, “‘Murica! Fuck yeah!”

Their sarcastic patriotism could have easily sounded anti-American to an untrained ear, but there was no denying that they appreciated the opportunity that America provided.

“There’s no other place I’d rather be right now,” Will said.

The future for these farms is unclear. Growers in the emerald triangle have been preparing for the day that recreational use is legalized. The prospect of increased competition, supply, lower prices and demand makes legalization a serious economic matter for growers. Marijuana legalization initiatives are gaining momentum in California. In fact, Governor Brown recently signed three bills into California state law, that have been seen as stage setters for legalization. The reality that one of the initiatives will be on the November 2016 ballot has growers considering at least partial overhauls of their operations.

Jerry and Leah are taking steps to create a bed and breakfast, as well as a recording studio and mountain biking trails throughout their square mile of land. According to Jerry, hospitality would take priority in the family business but weed would still have a presence.

Will said growing high-quality, pure strains is key to the industry’s future. He welcomes legalization and believes it will wipe out the amateur operations as well as the Mexican cartel grows. Will believes the triangle’s climate, reputation and quality of product is unparalleled, making way for what he calls the “Napa Valley” of weed.

For Pleasure or Pain

Bay Area rapper and producer, Chris Thomas, breaks up some marijuana that will be rolled into a blunt and smoked in San Francisco, Sept. 13, 2015. (Xpress/ Kofman)

By Jasmine Williams

[dropcap]B[/dropcap]ehind the multi-colored windows of a secluded storefront, patient David Lewis struggled to choose his medicine for the day. Green Crack, Purple Urkel and Gorilla Glue were among his options. The menu was posted on a 72-inch flat-screen television, which listed the flowers, concentrates and edibles offered at the Bloom Room Collective, a medical cannabis dispensary in San Francisco’s South of Market District.

Lewis, a medical marijuana patient, is able to buy marijuana at dispensaries across California to treat his insomnia and joint pain.

“I went medical in 2011 after being a recreational smoker because all the weed dealers I know are bad businessmen,” Lewis said. “At a dispensary I know what I’m smoking. The time, money and quality of weed is better from the club than a gamble for some good on the street.”

According to Adam Mintz, a marijuana reform advocate, two opposing schools of thought have prevented California voters from establishing a way to regulate marijuana use in the state. The old school of thought, Mintz said, see those who use marijuana as lazy stoners whereas new school thinkers believe people have the right to indulge recreationally and medicinally without being criminalized.

However, on Sept. 11, the California Senate and Assembly passed a series of bills that, if signed by Gov. Jerry Brown, will establish the state’s first regulatory system for medical marijuana. Bills AB-266, AB-243, and SB-643 are designed to regulate laws concerning cultivating, processing, transporting, testing and distributing medical cannabis to qualified patients. If the bills are signed, dispensaries will have to register for state and city permits to legally operate, according to the bills.

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“All three bills were taken into the governor’s office, and it’s understood they are going to sign it or in turn it will automatically be passed through,” Mintz said. “There doesn’t seem to be any doubt of that.”

With proposals for medical marijuana regulation underway, advocates across the state are gearing up to qualify legalization for recreational use of marijuana for the November 2016 ballot.

[pullquote align=”right”]“If I have a flu, and feel awful, and want sleep and be dead to the world, I’ll eat an edible. If I want to hit a joint after work, I may do that.” -Adam Mintz[/pullquote]

“As of right now California is operating on a patchwork system of regulation for the medical cannabis industry – not even county but usually on the city level,” Mintz said. “These bills do not mention recreational cannabis whatsoever, but because of the timing of the legislation we all assume that they will be the framework so that we can smoothly roll into recreational in 2016.

“Several initiatives are currently filed, but none have qualified with the necessary amount of signatures, according to Lauren Vazquez, deputy director of communications for the Marijuana Policy Project, a foundation dedicated to reforming marijuana laws in the United States.

There are several initiatives filed that have not been approved, and it is unclear how recreational legalization will affect how the state handles medical marijuana use. Mintz hopes that the legislation that gets adopted is a hybrid system similar to what was passed in Colorado in 2012, which allows 18-year-olds to use medicinally and 21-year-olds to use recreationally.

“It’s no secret people use marijuana for medical and recreational reasons,” Mintz said. “If I have a flu, and feel awful, and want sleep and be dead to the world, I’ll eat an edible. If I want to hit a joint after work, I may do that.”

In the past recreational legislation has seen strong opposition and despite that, Mintz feels like the public is ready for full legalization. In a poll released in April by the Public Policy Institute of California, 55 percent of voters believe that recreational marijuana should be legal.

While smokers would like to see recreational use legalized, Lewis said that if the bills pass they will not have a dramatic affect on their habit.

“If it ends up on the ballot, I mean yeah, I’ll vote yes, but out here it feels like weed is legal already,” Lewis said. “I have my med card, so I feel comfortable smoking anywhere in San Francisco.”

According to Bloom Room manager Stephen Rechif who has been in the industry for 12 years, casual users are not concerned with legalization. However, thousands of medical dispensaries and delivery services throughout California, over 50 located in San Francisco, will see effects in how they operate.

“If recreational is legalized it will turn the industry upside down for sure,” Rechif said.  “Some people think we are nuts for supporting recreational, but the primary goal here at Bloom Room is to increase access to cannabis for everybody.”

Most dispensaries don’t support the idea of recreational legalization mainly because they feel it will diminish their profits, according to Rechif. However, some employees in the industry just want people to be happy.

Krista Luna, a receptionist at Compassionate Health Options Clinic in the Mission District, sees the benefits of both medical and recreational use, and said the time has come for legalization across the board.

“Its 2015 and it’s sad that weed is still being criminalized,” Luna said. “I mean, I’ve had people from across the world come in to apply for their cards. Tourists from Australia, Poland and around the states come so that they can smoke in Cali for the two weeks that they are here. There’s a chance that it all can get fucked up but I support recreational. I think everyone should have access.”